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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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List of All Articles
1.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Dental Implant Surfaces: An Overview
Eldo Koshy, Sunitha Raj Philip
[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:14-22] [No of Hits : 1968]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1028 | FREE

ABSTRACT
Integration of the dental implant depends on the characteristics of the surface. Implant surfaces must dynamically interact with both the hard and soft tissues. This article reviews the methods used for surface texturing of the titanium dental implants; describing the popular techniques used for additive, subtractive and other methods of surface modifications.

Keywords: Titanium, Surface roughness, Macrotopography, Microretentive features.

How to cite this article: Koshy E, Philip SR. Dental Implant Surfaces: An Overview. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):14-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  Review Article
Implant Failures—Diagnosis and Management
Satyanarayana Raju Mantena, Sruthima NVS Gottumukkala, Suresh Sajjan, A Rama Raju, Bheemalingeshwar Rao, Meenakshi Iyer
[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:51-59] [No of Hits : 1758]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1034 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Despite the high success rates and stability of dental implants, failures do occur. While surgical trauma together with bone volume and quality are generally believed to be the most important etiological factors for early implant failures, the etiology of late failures is more controversial. Early detection and treatment of early progressive bone loss around dental implants by mechanical debridement, antimicrobial therapy, and regenerative therapy are the keys for saving early failing implants. The decision-making tree should be aimed at assisting and simplifying the process of selecting the appropriate alternative once a failure has occurred.

Keywords: Dental implants, Implant failure, Osseointegration, Risk factors, Smoking.

How to cite this article: Mantena SR, Gottumukkala SNVS, Sajjan S, Rama Raju A, Rao B, Iyer M. Implant Failures- Diagnosis and Management. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015; 1(2):51-59.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Immediate Loading of Dental Implants: Survival and Success Rate
Mamta Rathod, SP Dange, AN Khalikar, SA Khalikar
[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:8-13] [No of Hits : 1662]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1027 | FREE

ABSTRACT
The traditional implant protocols have several disadvantages, like extensive treatment time, multiple surgeries, and need to wear a removable restoration, leading to patient inconvenience. Thus, these protocols need to be re-evaluated to pioneer newer techniques that will save time and increase comfort. Immediate loading of oral implants could potentially serve this purpose. The aim of this review is to compare the survival and success rates of immediately loaded single-tooth dental implants with those of conventionally loaded dental implants based on the highest level of evidence obtained from prospective studies and prospective controlled trials. Studies included in this review were identified in the current literature manually and by electronic search. Only clinical data on root-form or cylindrical threaded oral implants were included. The assemblage of the current literature shows that controlled studies using several different approaches to immediate loading have demonstrated high implant survival and success rates. However, more highlevel evidence-based studies are desirable to demonstrate the relative merits of immediate loading compared with conventional loading in all potential applications.

Keywords: Loading protocols of implants, Immediate, Delayed, Survival rate, Success.

How to cite this article: Rathod M, Dange SP, Khalikar AN, Khalikar SA. Immediate Loading of Dental Implants: Survival and Success Rate. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):8-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
Implant-supported Overdenture using Resilient Reliner
Siddharth Priyadarshi, Syed M Yusuf, Ajay Singh, Himanshu Gupta
[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:113-118] [No of Hits : 1108]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1045 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Fixed and removable implant-supported prostheses successfully address problems associated with complete dentures in edentulous mandibles. Implant-supported overdenture (IOD) improves retention, stability, function, proprioception, and comfort. This case report depicts step-by-step procedure for fabrication of IOD with castable bar and modified resilient reliner. The bar was fabricated from readily available castable bar system, and resilient silicone-based relining was done by using a pickup impression at the time of trial. The shortcomings of direct technique are overcome by this procedure. It is a relatively simple and easy technique to produce an accurate prosthesis and devoid of wear and tear of elastic components.

Keywords: Customized bar-supported complete denture, Implant-supported overdenture, Overdenture, Resilient reliner.

How to cite this article: Priyadarshi S, Yusuf SM, Singh A, Gupta H. Implant-supported Overdenture using Resilient Reliner. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):113-118.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  Review Article
Various Treatment Modalities for Retrieval of Broken Abutment Screw in Implant Prosthodontics
Siddharth Priyadarshi, Syed Mohd Yusuf, Ajay Singh, Shitij Srivastava, Himanshu Gupta
[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:43] [Pages No:60-65] [No of Hits : 972]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1035 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Dental implants made of titanium for replacement of missing teeth are widely used because of ease of technical procedure and high success rate, but are not free of complications and may fail. Out of all the failures related to implants, prosthetic failures amounts the most. Among prosthetic failures, fracture of the prosthetic screw is very common and continues to be a problem in restorative practice and it is a great challenge to remove the fractured screw conservatively. There are various techniques and instrument kits which are available for retrieval of fractured abutment screw. However, there is a lot of ambiguity among the implantologist regarding their use and practice. This article reviews the basic instrumentation concept, stepwise procedure and other technicalities related to the same. This article also enlightens various unconventional methods which are reported in the literature.

Keywords: Abutment screw retrieval, Damaged internal threads, Implant screw fracture, Implant screw loosening.

How to cite this article: Priyadarshi S, Yusuf SM, Singh A, Srivastava S, Gupta H. Various Treatment Modalities for Retrieval of Broken Abutment Screw in Implant Prosthodontics. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(2):60-65.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
A Comparative Evaluation of Subgingival Occurrence of Candida Species in Chronic Periodontitis and Peri-implantitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study
Madhumietha Arumugam
[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:95-100] [No of Hits : 950]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1041 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: To determine the distribution of subgingival occurrence of Candida species in chronic periodontitis and peri-implantitis.

Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients with chronic periodontitis and 20 patients with peri-implantitis were evaluated. Periodontal parameters that include mean periodontal or peri-implant pocket depth, mean clinical attachment level or relative attachment level, mean gingival index, and mean plaque index were evaluated. Pooled subgingival sample from the deepest pockets using sterile paper points and sterile curettes was obtained from each patient and immediately streaked on to Sabouraud’s dextrose agar. Species identification was done by colony color on Chrom agar medium and Dalmau plate culture technique on corn meal agar.

Results: In periodontitis, the prevalence of Candida species in periodontal pockets was 26.8%, while in peri-implantitis, it is 27.2%. Comparing the prevalence of various sub-species of Candida between the two groups, we did not find any significant statistical differences. Also, there were no significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of mean plaque index, mean gingival index, mean probing depth, and mean CAL (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Candida albicans was the most common Candida species isolated from both the groups. It is followed by Candida dubliniensis, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, and Candida parapsilosis. No significant statistical difference was detected in the Candida count between the two groups.

Keywords: Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Chronic periodontitis, Microbiological, Peri-implantitis.

How to cite this article: Arumugam M. A Comparative Evaluation of Subgingival Occurrence of Candida Species in Chronic Periodontitis and Peri-implantitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):95-100.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Maxillary Molar Intrusion using Mini-implants to gain vertical Space in the Antagonist Arch for Rehabilitation with Implant Prosthesis: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Purva H Shinde, Nikhil V Jain, Ramandeep Dugal
[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:119-122] [No of Hits : 946]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1046 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Long-term edentulism leads to the encroachment of the space by the antagonist teeth, which interfere with the occlusion, function, and most importantly the vertical space required for replacement of the teeth. Dental implant therapy has taken over conventional fixed dental prosthesis as a treatment option since the last few decades. Minimum biomechanical requirement for the height of the implant prosthesis makes it imperative for the clinician to modify the height of the opposing tooth. Overcoming the conventional technique of tooth reduction, use of temporary anchorage devices like mini-implants, for tooth intrusion, provides a minimally invasive approach. This article describes a case where mini-implants were activated using elastics for maxillary molar intrusion to create space for the implant prosthesis to replace the missing mandibular molars.

Keywords: Implants, Intrusion, Mini-implants, Temporary anchorage devices.

How to cite this article: Shinde PH, Jain NV, Dugal R. Maxillary Molar Intrusion using Mini-implants to gain Vertical Space in the Antagonist Arch for Rehabilitation with Implant Prosthesis: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):119-122.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  CASE REPORT
Esthetic Management of Misplaced Implant
Vaibhao I Shambharkar, Shweta R Sonare, Mitul K Mishra, Amber W Raut
[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:3] [Pages:28] [Pages No:104-106] [No of Hits : 923]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1043 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Implant positioning plays an important role for giving esthetics as well as for proper functioning of the prosthesis. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning are required for successful implant prosthesis. Improper positioning of implant creates esthetics and functional challenge for the prosthodontist. Adequate amount of bone is necessary for functional and esthetic reconstruction of soft-tissue architecture surrounding the implant. For axially placed malpositioned implant, prefabricated or custom-made angled abutments may be used to achieve functional and esthetic comfort. In case of apicocoronally placed implant, gingival ceramics can aid to create emergence profile surrounding the implant. Dental practitioners must have knowledge to create optimal soft-tissue profile surrounding the teeth and implant restorations. Improper positioning of implant not only increases the chances of repeat surgery but also gives psychological trauma to patients. This case report describes esthetic achievement for the patient with labial misplaced implant.

Keywords: Esthetics, Improper positioning of implant, Misplaced implant.

How to cite this article: Shambharkar VI, Sonare SR, Mishra MK, Raut AW. Esthetic Management of Misplaced Implant. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(3):104-106.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CLINICAL ARTICLE
Computed Tomography: Its Importance in Treatment Planning for Implants
Hariharan Annapoorni, Durga Prasad Tadi
[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:1-7] [No of Hits : 907]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1026 | FREE

ABSTRACT
Use of dental implants for the replacement of missing teeth has rapidly increased in the dental profession. To obtain long-term success of the dental implants, it is necessary that the implants be placed in the host site after thorough assessment of the site. Such an assessment can be done only by advanced imaging procedures, such as computed tomography (CT). An in-depth knowledge of interpretation of the imaging modality is necessary before treatment planning the situation. It is the aim of this paper to analyze different clinical situations in CT, the method of interpreting the same and comparing the interpretation with existing clinical situation. Also, in the process, it has been described how a clinician could go wrong when solely dependent on two-dimensional (2D) imaging modalities.

Keywords: Computed tomography, Implant, Bone quality, Bone quantity, Treatment planning.

How to cite this article: Annapoorni H, Tadi DP. Computed Tomography: Its Importance in Treatment Planning for Implants. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):1-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Recurrent Peri-implant Infection: A Case Report suggesting Origin from an Infected Palatal Root of a Clinically Asymptomatic and Radiographically Normal Appealing Adjacent Molar Tooth
William D Nordquist, David J Krutchkoff
[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:50] [Pages No:44-47] [No of Hits : 899]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10004-1032 | FREE

ABSTRACT
A case is herewith reported in which a dental implant was immediately placed in an extraction socket of tooth no. 4 and, shortly later, exhibited signs of infection. The local area and implant were treated with standard local measures in addition to completion of a root canal procedure on an adjacent suspect tooth no. 5. In spite of this treatment scheme, the area again exhibited obvious clinical signs of infection during the ensuing weeks. At this point, although previously thought to be within normal limits, the asymptomatic and radiographically normal tooth no. 3 was then considered as the probable source of local infection, and even though pulp testing of no. 3 suggested vitality, the tooth was nonetheless opened revealing a necrotic and fetid palatal pulp. Root canal procedures for tooth no. 3 were then initiated but not completed. The patient then returned to her original dentist who subsequently referred the patient to an endodontist for completion of the root canal treatment on tooth no. 3.
It is important to evaluate adjacent teeth when peri-implantitis occurs. In this case, no radiographic or clinical evidence was present to alert the clinician that the source of the implant-associated infection was the palatal root of tooth no. 3.

Keywords: Recurrent peri-implantitis, Endodontic failure, Infection.

How to cite this article: Nordquist WD, Krutchkoff DJ. Recurrent Peri-implant Infection: A Case Report suggesting Origin from an Infected Palatal Root of a Clinically Asymptomatic and Radiographically Normal Appealing Adjacent Molar Tooth. Int J Clin Implant Dent 2015;1(1):44-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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